1. The financial system
The financial system is a network of financial organizations, which carry out and regulate financial activities, the ministry of finance, the treasury, the central bank, the tax service, stock and currency exchanges.
There are budgeting, financing, investment, banking, taxation and insurance are the main forms of financial activities. Financial assets flow in the system from savers to borrowers, who use them. Savers and borrowers are linked by financial intermediaries. They are banks, finance, investment and insurance companies.
The heart of Britain financial services industry locates in the famous „Square Mile“ in the City of London. It is one of the largest financial centers in the world. The world’s largest banks and financial markets located there. For example, London Stock Exchange, the Foreign Exchange Market, the Financial Futures and Options Market, Eurobond and Eurocurrency markets.
2. The financial activities
The modern market economy is populated by three types of economic agents, whose interaction constitutes economic activity. There are budgeting, financing, investment, banking, taxation and insurance are the main forms of financial activity.
Financial assets flow in the system from savers, which act as sources of funds, to borrowers, who use them. Savers and borrowers are linked by financial intermediaries. They are banks, finance, investment and insurance companies. And the ministry of finance, the treasury, the central bank, the tax service and other governmental organizations also carry out and regulate financial activities.
There are stock and currency exchanges, commercial banks, producers, finance, investment, insurance companies, and special financial-credit institutions such as investment founds, pawnshops, trust companies – all of these types of economic agencies carry out the financial activity, which is a backbone of any financial system.
Banks play very important role in any financial system. Banks are classified as commercial banks and central banks.
Commercial banks open accounts for their clients and receive money on current and deposit accounts. These funds they use to provide loans and for investment. They also collect cheques, discount bills, transfer money, buy and sell securities and do other commercial operations. The main purpose of commercial banks is to make profit.
The main purpose of central bank is to control monetary system. It helps government provide monetary policy by regulating supply, cost and availability of money and credit. It is the county’s leading bank, which act as banker to government. It issue banknotes, regulate activity of retail banks and provide services related to the public debt.
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Source by Michael Newman